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The Challenges and Complexities of Poverty

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  Poverty is the state of existence in which a person exists below what is regarded as the “poverty line”. The poverty line is the unit of measurement in terms of income and basic human essential needs. Poverty can be defined in numerous ways such as: level of income, lack of education, lack of opportunities for upward mobility and growth, access to clean water, access to education, access to fresh fruit and vegetables, access to employment opportunities, access to a non toxic environment, access to healthcare. 41% of Sub-Sahara African population is living below the poverty line of $1.90 per day. In stark contrast to the United States, the Sub Sahara African population has a life expectancy of 60 whereas the Unites States average life expectancy is at 78. Access to energy is essential to reduce poverty. Globally, 1.1 billion people still do not have access to electricity. Nigeria’s unique issues battling extreme poverty are multi layered. Nigeria is considered multi ethnic and a count